The central point of Gliwice includes a 73 × 74 m Main Square outlined in the latter half of 13th century, with two streets leading from each of its corners. The Main Square was the centre of local political, economic and social life of the city ever since its creation. It was here that city patricians dabbling in trade and entrepreneurship lived, it also hosted various events. The medieval buildings of the Main Square no longer exist. Most of the current tenement houses were built during later centuries – mainly during 19th and 20th centuries – loosely resembling Renaissance or classic styles. It is an effect of the post-war restoration of some tenement houses of the Gliwice Old Town under the supervision of architect Franciszek Maurer. He is the reason why the Main Square retained its nature and its tenement houses gained arcades we can admire today.
During archaeological studies in 2010, preceding the planned modification of the Main Square, a modern well was discovered, together with relics dating back to brick structures used around the Main Square in modern times.